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USDA Weekly Crop Progress
Tuesday, July 23, 2019 2:18PM CDT
By Brian Ethridge
DTN Marketing Editor

This article was originally posted at 3:03 p.m. CDT on Monday, July 22. It was last updated at 3:54 p.m. CDT on Monday, July 22.

**

OMAHA (DTN) -- Corn and soybean development took a nice jump from last week's Crop Progress report, but continues to lag far behind the five-year average pace, according to the latest USDA NASS Crop Progress report released Monday.

As of Sunday, July 21, an estimated 35% of corn was silking, up 18 percentage point from the previous week and 31 percentage points behind the five-year average of 66%.

Corn condition, estimated at 57% good to excellent, was down 1 percentage point from 58% the previous week.

"Some notable bad states were Illinois at 43%, Indiana at 35%, Ohio at 35%, Missouri at 33% and Michigan at 42%. North Dakota at 77%, Nebraska at 77% and Minnesota at 57% were the best ratings in key major states," said DTN Senior Analyst Dana Mantini.

Soybean development also remained behind normal last week. NASS estimated that 40% of soybeans were blooming, up 18 percentage points from the previous week but 26 percentage points behind the five-year average of 66%.

The soybean crop's good-to-excellent rating of 54% was unchanged from the previous week.

"Illinois, Indiana, Missouri and Ohio are major states with the worst ratings, while Nebraska at 73%, North Dakota at 65%, and Minnesota at 62% are the majors with the best rating," said Mantini.

Winter wheat harvest moved ahead another 12 percentage points last week to reach 69% complete as of Sunday, behind last year's 79% and 10 percentage points behind the five-year average of 79%.

The Spring wheat crop was 92% headed, up 14 percentage points from 78% the previous week, but was 2 percentage points behind the five-year average of 94%.

Spring wheat condition was rated 76% good to excellent, unchanged from the previous week.

"Key states Minnesota and North Dakota continued to lead the pack at 85% and 80% good to excellent, respectively," concluded Mantini.

Sorghum was pegged at 27% headed, 13 percentage points behind the five-year average of 40%. Sorghum coloring was estimated at 16%, behind the average of 22%. Sorghum condition was rated 73% good to excellent. Oats were 94% headed, behind the average of 98%.

Cotton squaring reached 78% as of Sunday, behind the average pace of 80%. Cotton setting bolls was 33%, also behind the average of 37%. Cotton condition was rated 60% good to excellent, up 4 percentage points from the previous week's 56% good to excellent. Rice headed was pegged at 31%, behind the average of 43%. Rice condition was rated 65% good to excellent.

To view weekly crop progress reports issued by National Ag Statistics Service offices in individual states, visit http://www.nass.usda.gov/…. Look for the U.S. map in the "Find Data and Reports by" section and choose the state you wish to view in the drop-down menu. Then look for that state's "Crop Progress & Condition" report.

National Crop Progress Summary
This Last Last 5-Year
Week Week Year Avg.
Corn Silking 35 17 78 66
Corn Dough 5 NA 16 10
Soybeans Blooming 40 22 76 66
Soybeans Setting Pods 7 NA 41 28
Winter Wheat Harvested 69 57 79 79
Spring Wheat Headed 92 78 96 94
Cotton Squaring 78 60 77 80
Cotton Setting Bolls 33 20 40 37
Sorghum Headed 27 24 40 40
Sorghum Coloring 16 14 22 22
Barley Headed 90 75 93 95
Oats Headed 94 87 99 98
Oats Harvested 12 NA 23 22
Rice Headed 31 24 44 43

**

National Crop Condition Summary
(VP = Very Poor; P = Poor; F = Fair; G = Good; E = Excellent)
This Week Last Week Last Year
VP P F G E VP P F G E VP P F G E
Corn 3 10 30 47 10 3 9 30 48 10 3 6 19 50 22
Soybeans 3 9 34 46 8 3 9 34 46 8 2 6 22 52 18
Spring Wheat - 4 20 63 13 - 4 20 66 10 1 3 17 65 14
Cotton 2 8 30 50 10 3 12 29 47 9 14 19 28 32 7
Sorghum 1 2 23 60 13 1 2 23 61 13 5 11 35 44 5
Barley - 5 19 58 18 - 5 19 62 14 - 2 17 67 14
Oats 3 5 28 52 12 2 5 25 57 11 4 3 21 59 13
Rice 1 6 28 46 19 1 6 26 50 17 1 5 23 56 15

**

National Soil Moisture Condition - 48 States
(VS = Very Short; SH = Short; AD = Adequate; SR = Surplus)
This Week Last Week Last Year
VS SH AD SR VS SH AD SR VS SH AD SR
Topsoil Moisture 5 19 64 12 4 17 67 12 13 25 67 12
Subsoil Moisture 3 15 70 12 3 13 72 12 12 25 58 5

Brian Ethridge can be reached at Brian.Ethridge@dtn.com

(BE)


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